There is an article that explains why we make bad judgments. This article is by Daniel Kahneman. He talks about the ways people make bad judgments and why they make bad judgments. Why do people make bad judgments? Do they think they’re confident enough to know if they’re making a good judgment? What goes through someone’s head when they are making a judgment on someone? In the article, Kahneman explains the different types of cognitive fallacies. A cognitive fallacy is something wrong in your thinking and a mistaken belief in something that is wrong. Kahneman writes about many different fallacies, but, I’m only going to talk about a few. One example of a cognitive fallacy is the WYSIATI, which stands for, “What You See Is All There Is”. This cognitive fallacy is creating judgments on people you know almost nothing about, which is why it is named what you see is all there is. People making judgments only judge what they see in front of them, even if there is more to that person. There are people that do this every day without even realizing it. They take a look at a person and how they look and make a judgment about them behind their back thinking that they’re mean or annoying without even knowing what is behind the curtains. The people who are being judged could be the nicest person you’d ever meet or the rudest person you’d ever meet. You’ll never know much about a person until you get to know them and not judge them at first look.
Another cognitive fallacy that Kahneman describes is the illusion of validity. The illusion of validity is the illusion of sound. Kahneman made this cognitive fallacy when he and a group of other people went a had to judge soldiers. He and the group watched a group of soldiers try and get a log over a wall without touching the wall. He made judgments that included who was the star of the procedure, who was good but not great, and who didn’t work enough. He made those judgments with confidence. He thought that he was correct and he was confident in his judgments. Confidence is a feeling, you feel confident. Kahneman felt confident in his judgments, even if they were not correct.
Kahneman explains how we make bad judgments and why we make bad judgments. We think that we know a lot about a person that we’re judging when there is more to a person than we know. We don’t know everything about someone we just met, you have to get to know a person to make a good judgment of them.